The SCO summit in 2018 was held June 9-10 in the Chinese city of Qingdao (Shandong Province). The venue for the summit was the city’s International Congress Center.
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental international organization founded by the leaders of Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. On June 9, 2017, the leaders of the SCO member states signed a decision on admission of India and Pakistan to the organization.
The countries-observers in the SCO at the moment are Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and Mongolia, the partner countries are Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia, Nepal, Turkey and Sri Lanka.
The declaration on the establishment of the SCO was signed at a meeting of the heads of six states in Shanghai on June 15, 2001.
The main objectives of the SCO include: strengthening mutual trust and good-neighborliness among the participating countries; assistance in their effective cooperation in the political, trade-economic, scientific-technical and cultural fields, as well as in the sphere of education, energy, transport, tourism, environmental protection and others; joint provision and maintenance of peace, security and stability in the region; promotion to the creation of a democratic, just and rational new international political and economic order.
According to the results of the summit held in Qingdao, the leaders of the member countries of the organization adopted 17 documents. Among them, in particular, the decision of the Council of Heads of State of the SCO member states on the approval of the Action Plan for 2018-2022 on the implementation of the provisions of the Treaty on Long-term Good-Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation of the SCO Member States and the document on the approval of the SCO Cooperation Program in Countering the terrorism, separatism and extremism for 2019-2021.